Rabu, 29 Juni 2011

STUDY ENGLISH

Grammar
Core Sentence merupakan Pembentuk kalimat inti dalam bahasa inggris terdiri dari
(Subjek + Predikat)

Kalo loe dah nguasain Core sentence ini Loe akan gampang dalam membuat kalimat dasar klaimat terdiri dari S+P

Core Sentence ada 2 predikat yaitu :
* Active Verb (Rumusnya Sesuai dg grammatical Structure )
         Contoh (Simple Past tense à S + did/V2  )
              à I  killed the cat
* Non Active Verb ada 3
         ( contoh dalam simple past tense)
1.      Passive verb
( be + V3) à The Cat was Killed by me
2.      Noun
(be + a/an + Noun) à I was a student
3.      Adjective
(be +Adj.) à  I was a Smart
+)  Jadi ingat kalo membentuk kalimat NAV (Non Active Verb) harus ada be nya dulu
+)  Inget jadi bilang nya I am a Student jangan lupa ada “a” nya ^_^ jangan malu maluin   
      kebanyakan siswa bilang “I am Student” ß ini salah
+) Trus Kalau Active Verb ngikutin aja Strukturnya

Contoh Core Sentence dengan Simple Present Continous
                              S + Is Doing
  # Active Verb ( I am Studying English )
  #Non Active Verb
1.      Passive verb ( English is being taught by me )
2.      Noun (He is being a teacher right now)
3.      Adjective( She is being Cute )





Contoh Core Sentence dengan Modals ini juga bias kok
                    S + Can + Verb infinitive
  # Active Verb ( I can Swim )
  #Non Active Verb
1.      Passive verb ( The cat can be Killed by me  )
2.      Noun ( He can be a petroleum engineer )
3.      Adjective ( I can be Smart )

TENSES  (Time and senses)
Kalau menghafal tenses ada dua bagian yaitu :
Time à Present , Past ,Future
Senses à Simple , Continous , perfect , perfect Continous
Senses
Simple à      menyampaikan atau memberitahukan suatu event yang terjadi di suatu titik waktu  
                        tertentu entah di present , past atau future
Continous à   Menginformasikan sesuatu yang sedang Berlangsung yang terjadi di suatu titik  
                          waktu  tertentu entah di present , past atau future
Perfect à Perfect artinya complete jadi intinya SUDAH selesai jadi intinya menyatakan suatu
                    kegiatan yang sudah berlangsung jadi Intinya SUDAH aja
Perfect Continous à Fokusnya menyampaikan kegiatan yang sudah sedang berlangsung jadi
                                       Sesuatu sudah sedang berlangsung menyatakan durasinya tadi yang
                                       sedang belangsung di ceritakan kembali

Struktur untuk Active Verb

Present
Past
Future
Simple
I + Do/V1
I + Did/V2
I + will + Do
Continous
I am Doing
I was Doing
I will be Doing
Perfect
I Have Done
I Had Done
I Will have Done
Perfect Continous
I Have been Doing
I Had been Doing
I will have been Doing

NB : Kalau untuk NAV gampang tinggal ingat rumus yang di atas sebelumnya tambah be


Active - Passive Voice
Untuk Mengubah kalimat Active ke Pasive contohnya Sebagai berikut :
Saya menulis novel (active)             à  I  write a Novel                            (S+V+O)
Novel ditulis oleh saya (passive)     à The Novel is written by me         (O+be+V3+by+S)
Jadi Intinya gitu dah coba loe pahami sendiri khan Cuma nambah be+V3 trus d Switch gitu dah
Contoh lainnya ^_^ :
I will play tennis tomorrow       à     Play tennis will be played by me
I will teach math tomorrow      à    The math will be taught by me


DETAIL TENSES

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE ( S + Do/Does )
Simple Present berlaku pada Habitual atau kebiasan , atau menyatakan suatu kegiatan yang dilakukan terus menerus , menyatakan keadaan Sekarang , Mengatakan suatu even pada Saat ini , Menyatakan Kebenaran Umum / General Truth
SIMPLE PAST  TENSE  (S+Did)
Menyatakan Suatu event pada saat lampau dan juga menyatakan suatu kegiatan yang sudah dilakukan entah  baru saja dilakukan atau masa yang lama .
SIMPLE FUTURE  TENSE (S+Will+Do)
Menyatakan Suatu Event yang akan dilakukan pada saat yang akan datang


SIMPLE CONTINOUS
1.     PRESENT (S + Is/are + Doing)
AV :  I am a teaching English right now
Passive : English is being taught
Noun : I am being a teacher
Adjectve : She is being Cute
Intinya pada saat ini sesuatu kegiatan sedang berlangsung
2.     PAST ( S + were/was + Doing )
AV :  I was watching football when the lightning struck (sedang berlangsung in the past   
          Jadi di beritahu keterangan waktunya ket. Dikasih “when the lightning struck”
Passive : Football was being watched when the lightning struck
Noun : I was being a Junior High School Student when I’m 13 years old
Adjectve : I was being Stupid when I in Elementary High School

3.     FUTURE ( S + Will be + Doing )
AV : I will be going around Cimahi tomorrow at 12 pm
Passive : tomorrow at 12 pm the football match will be being televsied
Noun : I Will be being a University Student at 2012 amin,,,,,,
Adjectve : I will be being Handsome man at 2012


PERFECT TENSE
Sense Utamanya adalah Sudah , tinggal sudahnya buat kapan di bawah ini ada present , past dan future . pokok nya sense nya sesuatu SUDAH gmana ngartiinnya gmana kalimat
1.     PRESENT (S + Have Done )
@ I Have known her for 7 years  (Jadi Intinya sudah kenal ,dah selesai blum ? hahahhaha , )
 @ I  Have finished My Homework ( jdi Konsekuensi logisnya dari kalimat aja ) Sejak kapan (“Since”) ini adalah titik pancang verbal logic
@ I have known him since I was graduated from Highschool
2.     PAST ( S + Had Done )
I Had known him for Seven years when I was in Vocational High School
(Ketika d VHS gw dah kenal dia selama 7 tahun)
3.     FUTURE ( S + Will Have Done )
I will have known him for 12 years by 2012

PERFECT CONTINOUSE TENSE
Fokusnya adalah kegiatan yang keberlangsungan sesuatu kegiatan Sudah berlangsung , cirri cirri nya berapa lama ^_^
1.     PRESENT ( S + Have been + Doing)
I have been teaching for an Hour (Since you left the class)
Passive : Math have been being taught for an Hour
2.     PAST (S + Had been + Doing)
I had been teaching for an Hour when you came
(ketika loe dateng gw dah ngajar selama satu jam)
Passive: Math Had been being taught for an Hour when you came
3.     FUTURE  (S + Will Have been + Doing)
I will have been teaching for an Hour By time the class is over
           (Ketika Kelas sudah berakhir gw bakal dah ngajar selama 1 jam)
            Passive : Math will have been being taught for an Hour By time the class is  
           Over

SUBJECT – VERB AGREEMENT


Kt ganti
Subject
Object
Possesive
Milik sifat

1st
I
Me
my
mine
Tunggal
2nd
you
You
your
yours

3th
He,She,It
Him,Her,It
His,Her,Its
His,Hers,Its

1st
We
us
our
Ours
Jamak
2nd
You
You
your
yours

3th
They
them
their
theirs


SUBJECT – TO BE

Present
Past
perfect
Past perfect
V1
Ex : do
I
Am
Was
Have
Had
do
teach
You,They,we
Are
Were
Have
Had
do
teach
He,She,it
is
was
has
Had
does
teaches

Example :
The car was Stolen          (Tunggal)
The cars were Stolen       (Jamak)

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